The Pace Advantage of AMP Prerendering


Posted By Eric Steinlauf, Software program Engineer, Google

At the moment we need to stroll by means of some up to date evaluation on the profit that prerendering can present on load occasions. AMP is designed to scale back web page load time, and one of the vital vital methods Google Search reduces web page load time is thru privacy-preserving-prerendering AMP paperwork earlier than a hyperlink is clicked.

First Viewport Prepared

The AMP framework has been designed to grasp the structure of all web page content material and the loading standing of all sources, so it will possibly decide the time when all “above the fold” content material has loaded. It additionally is aware of when the doc is prerendered and when it’s displayed. Thus, the AMP framework can compute the time from click on till the above the fold content material is displayed. AMP measures web page load velocity with a customized metric referred to as First Viewport Prepared (FVR). That is outlined because the cut-off date “when non-ad sources above the fold fired their load occasion measured from the time the person clicks (So takes pre-rendering under consideration)”. If an AMP doc is totally prerendered this metric will probably be zero. If prerendering was not full on the time of click on or if the doc was not prerendered in any respect, then the metric will probably be larger than zero.

Google Search prerenders some AMP paperwork and never others so we’re in a position to see the impression that prerendering has on FVR. The chart under reveals percentiles for FVR with and with out prerendering. FVR is zero when the AMP framework efficiently completes prerendering earlier than the doc is displayed.

Chart showing percentiles for FVR with and without prerendering

First Contentful Paint

First Contentful Paint (FCP) is a web page load velocity metric that’s measured by the browser. It’s out there for all paperwork, not simply AMP paperwork. FCP is the cut-off date when the primary little bit of content material from the DOM is rendered. A excessive worth for FCP signifies web page is unquestionably gradual, however a low worth for FCP doesn’t essentially imply web page hundreds shortly for the reason that first bit might not be vital content material. That is helpful, however since AMP has a greater understanding of what content material is seen, FVR provides a greater understanding of when content material turns into seen.

FCP is just not conscious of prerendering so AMP computes a prerender delicate spinoff metric, Prerender-adjusted First Contentful Paint (PFCP), that subtracts out the time earlier than click on. When not prerendered, PFCP = FCP. FCP additionally decreases with prerendering, however the distinction is much less dramatic than FVR.

Chart showing percentiles for FVR with and without prerendering

It might be stunning that median prerendered PFCP is increased than median prerendered FVR. This occurs as a result of the browser has to attract the content material to the display after the clicking. PFCP consists of that point, whereas FVR doesn’t.


Prerendering AMP paperwork results in substantial enhancements in web page load occasions. Web page load time might be measured in several methods, however they persistently present that prerendering lets customers see the content material they need sooner. For now, solely AMP can present the privateness preserving prerendering wanted for this velocity profit. Sooner or later, new net platform options, comparable to Signed Exchanges, will convey privacy-preserving prompt loading to non-AMP paperwork too.



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